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zhangheotheriid Anebodon luoi.jpg New Symmetrodont Mammal Found from the Early Cretaceous of China

  Mesozoic mammals with molariform teeth bearing a simple, triangular arrangement of principal cusps were traditionally assigned to the Order Symmetrodonta. Phylogenetic analyses imply that this grouping is artificial, with the symmetrodont molar pattern representing a structural grade that evolved multiple times...
Devonian Fish Provides Unique Insights into the Early Evolution of Modern Lobe-finned Fishes

  Crown or modern sarcopterygians contain three major groups: coelacanths, lungfishes and tetrapods. With the exception of the tetrapods, sarcopterygians have a long evolutionary history of diversity decline and are nowhere near as diverse today as they were at the beginning of their history. They differ substant...
U020160518579228786366.jpg Oldest Actinopterygian from China Provides New Evidence for the Origin of Ray-Finned Fishes

  Osteichthyans or bony fishes comprise two divisions, each containing over 32,000 living species: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fishes and tetrapods) and Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes). Nevertheless, actinopterygians have an obscure early evolutionary history. The earliest definitive actinopterygian is the Midd...
U020160511459018835202.jpg New Species from the Pliocene of Tibet Reveals Origin of Ice Age Mountain Sheep

  Modern wild sheep, Ovis, is widespread in the mountain ranges of the Caucasus through Himalaya, Tibetan Plateau, Tianshan-Altai, eastern Siberia, and the Rocky Mountains in North America. In Eurasia, fossil sheep are known by a few isolated records at a few Pleistocene sites in North China, eastern Siberia, and...
ST20160509572347854032.jpg New Oligocene Primates from China Highlight Key Evolutionary Period

  Profound environmental and faunal changes are associated with climatic deterioration during the Eocene-Oligocene transition (EOT) roughly 34 million years ago. Primates are among the most environmentally sensitive of all mammals. Reconstructing how Asian primates responded to the EOT has been hindered by a spar...
U020160508799892330056.jpg Scientists Report World’s First Herbivorous Filter-feeding Marine Reptile

  Some strange creatures cropped up in the wake of one of Earth’s biggest mass extinctions 252 million years ago. In 2014, scientists discovered a bizarre fossil--a crocodile-sized sea-dwelling reptile, Atopodentatus unicus, that lived 242 million years ago in what today is southwestern China. Its head was poorl...
U020160506546651900304.jpg Fish-Eating Enantiornithine Bird Provides Evidence of Modern Avian Digestive Features

  Enantiornithes are the most successful clade of Mesozoic birds, representing the sister group of the Ornithuromorpha, which gave rise to living birds. Nevertheless, the feeding habits of enantiornithines have remained unknown because of a lack of fossil evidence. In contrast, exceptionally preserved fossils rev...
W020160504598062912450.jpg Drawing the Genetic History of Ice Age Eurasian Populations

  Not much is known about the genetics of Eurasian history before the introduction of farming. One of the major questions is how climatic fluctuations influenced the population history of Eurasia and to what extent changes in material cultures correspond to movements of people.
  A research team led by Prof. FU...
Konobelodon was discovered firstly in China by the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology

  Konobelodon is a lesser known proboscidean species and was firstly reported in USA in 1990. Owing to very few data, the researchers have not known much about its morphology, and its classification status has been controversial. In 2015, the occurrence of Konobelodon was confirmed in the Old World after a resear...
ST20160405575603674670.png Female preference promotes asynchronous sex evolution in proboscideans

  What are the cause and innate power for the biological evolution? This is a controversial problem from ancient times to now. The interpretation for the evolutionary process is at an ambiguous phase although the academia admitting the existence of evolution has been at an absolute mainstream status. Neo-Darwinis...
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