Dr. Zhangxiang Qiu (Chinese: 邱占祥,1936-), born in Qingdao City of Shandong Province, is a paleomammologist and Cenozoic stratigrapher. He is the fifth director of the IVPP (1991-1995). He graduated from the Department of Geology at the Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1960, and received his Ph. D. from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany. Qiu joined the IVPP in 1960, and is promoted from an assistant professor, associate professor to a full professor there. He became an doctoral supervisor in 1986, and won special government allowances for his excellence in research. Qiu was elected as member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (academician) in 2005. He had been elected as member of the 8th to 10th CPPCC National Committee. He was the primary scientist in the Special Project of National “Climbing” Program of China, the origin of the early humans and environmental background. He is the current director of Editorial Committee of Paleovertebrata Sinica. He has won the National Science and Technology Conference Award, the first and second prizes of the CAS Awards of Natural Science, and the third prize of the State Scientific and Technological Progress Award.