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Researchers Chart Advances in Ancient DNA Technology

  Over the past 10 years, researchers led by FU Qiaomei from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have used ancient DNA (aDNA) technology to unearth the history of ancient human populations, especially those in East Asia.
  As part of the...
Chinese Fossils Show Human Middle Ear Evolved from Fish Gills

  The human middle ear—which houses three tiny, vibrating bones—is key to transporting sound vibrations into the inner ear, where they become nerve impulses that allow us to hear.
  Embryonic and fossil evidence proves that the human middle ear evolved from the spiracle of fishes. However, the origin of the v...
Strange Fossil Solves Giraffe Evolutionary Mystery

  Fossils of a strange early giraffoid have revealed the key driving forces in giraffe evolution, according to a study led by researchers from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  The study was published in Science on June 2.
  How the gir...
First Fossil of a Daytime Active Owl Found at the Edge of the Tibetan Plateau

  A research team led by Dr. LI Zhiheng and Dr. Thomas Stidham from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has discovered the amazingly well-preserved fossil skeleton of an extinct owl that lived more than six million years ago in China. Their deta...
Study Reveals Human Lifestyle in East Asia 40,000 Years Ago

  A team of researchers from China, Germany, France and Spain, has revealed the lifestyle of humans living in East Asia 40,000 years ago.
  The study was published in Nature on Mar. 2nd.
  The study relies on findings from Xiamabei, a well-preserved, ~40,000-year-old archaeological site in the Nihewan Basin, ...
New Varanid Fossil from China Supports Asian Origin of Varanidae

  A study based on a new varanid fossil species from China shows that the transition from the ancient Varaniformes to Varanus occurred in Asia and supports the Asian origin of Varanidae.
  The study was published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B on Feb. 7. It was conducted by researchers fro...
Researchers Find Fossil of Extinct Early Bird That Could Stick Out Its Tongue

  A new fossil skeleton of an extinct species of bird from northeastern China that lived alongside dinosaurs 120 million years ago unexpectedly preserves a bony tongue that is nearly as long as its head.
  The skull is very well preserved, showing that it had a relatively short snout and small teeth, with extre...
Critiques & Debates: Is the monotreme middle ear primitive for mammals?

  A commentary was recently published as a piece of Critiques & Debates at National Science Review (NSR) (hereinafter referred to as "Commentary"), which raised issues about the article (referred to as "Original") published in Nature. The title of the "Original" is "A monotreme-like auditory apparatus in a Middle...
The Largest Eugaleaspiform Nochelaspis Reoccurred in the 420-million-years-old “Ancient Fish Kingdom”

  New findings on the ~420-million-year-old fossil of Nochelaspis maeandrine found in Qujing help to unveil the mystery of the largest known eugaleaspiform, according to researchers from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  Their study was p...
Organic Molecule Remnants found in the Nuclei of Ancient Dinosaur Cells

  A team of scientists from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and from the Shandong Tianyu Museum of Nature (STM) have isolated exquisitely preserved cartilage cells in a 125-million-year-old dinosaur from Northeast China that contain nuclei w...
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